Let ABC be a triangle and D be the midpoint of BC. Suppose the angle bisector of is tangent to the circumcircle of triangle ABD at D. Prove that .

(Regional Mathematics Olympiad, India, 2016)

Discussion:

Since DE is tangent to the circle at D, by tangent-chord theorem, we conclude:

(angle made by tangent with a chord is equal to the angle subtended by the chord in the alternate segment)…. (i)

But since DE is the angle bisector of . … (ii)

Hence combining (i) and (ii) we have implying DE is parallel to AB (as corresponding angles are equal).

Then (alternate angles) … (iii)

Combining (i) and (iii) we conclude .

This implies is isosceles. Hence DA = DB.

But DB = DC (as D is the midpoint of BC.

Hence DA = DB = DC implying D is a point equidistant from the vertices A, B, C. Hence D is the center of the circumcircle of triangle ABC and BC is the diameter.